It is typically caused by heart attack or stroke. Open-heart surgery is when the chest is cut open and surgery is performed on the muscles, valves, or arteries of the heart. I hope this is helping you see that most heart surgeries result in life, not in death. Potential complications of open heart surgery. ... were before the surgery. The surgery is either an open-heart procedure or a minimally invasive procedure. There are many, but the biggest risks of aortic valve replacement surgery are death, stroke, heart attack, heart failure, requiring a pacemaker or req The risk of complications involved with surgical procedures to correct congenital heart disease is very low. Complications of open heart surgery include: Death. As with any surgery performed while the patient is asleep, patients may have reactions to the anesthesia, including difficulty breathing. Many heart surgeries are done each year in the United States for various heart problems. Complications are especially common in older patients and those with diabetes, hypertension, unstable angina, arrhythmia, heart failure, or previous bypass surgeries. Specifically, the risk of death or serious complications is less than 3%. Heart Surgery: Weighing the ... heart bypass surgery carries some risks. Open-heart surgery refers to operations performed on the heart that require a patient being placed on the heart-lung bypass machine. In general, the risk of complications is higher if heart surgery is done in an emergency situation (for example, during a heart attack). In recent years, more surgeons are performing the surgery off-pump, meaning the heart continues beating while the bypass graft is attached. In-hospital death is very rare after coronary bypass surgery. ... cardiovascular event such as death, heart attack, stroke or repeat bypass surgery or angioplasty. Different treatments are recommended for patients with coronary heart disease. Your surgeon will review your diagnostic tests prior to your surgery to determine if you are a candidate for minimally invasive valve surgery. For the most part, children who undergo these surgeries do well, spend a short time in hospital recovering, and take up their regular activities shortly after. If you need heart bypass surgery, ... Its the most common type of open-heart surgery in the U.S. ... What Are the Risks? There is some risk with open heart surgery. These risks are specific to the procedure being performed, in addition to the general risks of surgery and the risks associated with anesthesia. Learn about this complex procedure. At the same time, the percentage of octogenarians undergoing open-heart surgery for coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) or valve replacement increased by 67 percent from 1987 to 1990. Death. Death rates among heart surgery patients are falling despite surgeons taking on more high-risk cases, a report has said. Kidney failure. Explore journals, books and articles. 7:00AM BST 30 Jul 2009 Doctors said quality of care has been improving since the first publication of mortality rates in cardiac surgery in 2001, despite fears surgeons would become risk averse. Nathaniel J Soper, MD, FACS. Loyal and Edith Davis Professor and Chair, Department of Surgery Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine